How do I Format My Reference List?
Drawing on a range of relevant sources in your work proves that you have read widely around your chosen topic, so it’s a surefire way to impress your reader.
To ensure your reader’s ease of comprehension you must adhere to the style’s formatting guidelines. In APA format, a list of all the sources that have directly contributed to your work should be placed on a new page at the end of the narrative and titled ‘References’ (center align the title). The references should all have a hanging indentation - the second and subsequent lines of each reference should start ½ inch from the margin.
You may also be required to provide a full bibliography. This is a comprehensive list of all the source material you used to complete the assignment, even if it was not cited in the text. It should include any book, journal, article etc. that you may have consulted throughout your research and writing process in order to get a deeper understanding of the subject at hand.
Fernández-Manzanal, R., Rodríguez-Barreiro, L., & Carrasquer, J. (2007). Evaluation of environmental attitudes: Analysis and results of a scale applied to university students. Science Education, 91(6), 988–1009. doi:10.1002/sce.20218
Sound like a lot of work? Although the style guidelines are strict in regard to how references should be formatted, Cite This For Me’s APA citation machine takes the weight off your shoulders by accurately compiling your reference list and bibliography in a matter of seconds.
Once you paste your list of APA citations into your own document, correct these things if necessary:
- The Reference List should be at the end of the document and should only include sources that someone else can also access. That means you will not include personal communication, such as letters, memoranda, and informal electronic communications. Instead, only cite personal communications in the body of your work.
- In titles, only capitalize the first word, the first word after a colon or dash, and proper nouns.
- Double space the list, both between citations and within them.
- When a citation has more than one line, use a hanging indent. To do this, indent the second line, and every line thereafter, to the right five spaces.
- Alphabetize the entire list by the first word of each citation. This may be the author's last name or the first word in a title.
- Arrange works by different authors with the same last name alphabetically by the first initial.
- If more than one citation is by the same author, arrange them by year of publication, the earliest first.
- Citations with only one author come before citations with multiple authors.
- Citations with the same first author and different second or third authors are arranged alphabetically by the last name of the second author, or if the second author is the same, the last name of the third author, and so on.
- Citations with the same author(s) with the same publication date are arranged alphabetically by titles (excluding A or The).